Preheating Operation Of Glass Furnaces

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Preheating is one of the key factors that influence the performance and service
life of glass furnaces.

Traditionally, the glass furnace is preheated by first warm-up heating and then
firing at 800-850?. Firing at 800-850? is because of crystal transformation of
silica refractory and fireclay refractory. According to the thermal expansion
coefficient and temperature range of silica refractory and fireclay refractory,
the temperature curve and firing temperature range are made.

During the warm-up heating, refractory materials in all parts of glass furnaces
can expand uniformly. However, after fired at 800-850?, within 850-1200?, the
temperature fluctuates and is difficult to control. The big temperature
fluctuation can cause intense changes of refractory materials. Within 950-1200?,
the crystal transformation of refractory materials occurs and is accompanied by
6% volume shrinkage. Within this temperature range, it is important to consider
fused cast AZS block, because the big temperature fluctuation may cause the
cracking of fused cast AZS block.

As fused refractories have high density, good abrasion resistance, good high
temperature mechanical properties and good corrosion resistance to glass liquid,
so the fused cast AZS block has been the most widely used refractory in the
glass industry.

With the development of the preheating technology and temperature controlling
technology, the temperature has been increased to 1100-1150?. Within this
temperature range, the crystal transformation of the refractory materials has
been completed. Since the temperatures before and after the preheating link up
well, there is no big temperature fluctuation, so the cracking of fused cast AZS
can be avoided.

Sunrise is a refractory material supplier from China. The main products of
Sunrise include fused cast AZS block, fused cast alumina block, mullite brick,
zircon brick, alumina bubble brick, sillimanite brick, corundum brick, low
porosity fireclay brick, high alumina brick, all kinds of glass furnace ramming
masses, etc..

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