Refractory Application in the Walls of Glass Furnace Regenerators

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In the glass furnace, walls of the regenerators are used to limit thermal
losses. The main operating factors to be considered are temperature, repeated
temperature cycling, airborne particulates, volatiles and load. Fuel and glass
composition must also be considered when deriving the refractory specifications.

The walls in four zones as with checkers are subjected to different conditions:
1)    Top zone: from the crown skewbacks to one meter under first row of checkers;






Provided the target wall is exposed to the same conditions as the other top zone
walls, then the refractory material will be as for the rest of the top zone.
However, in the event the target wall is subject to excessive waste gas
impingement then fused cast AZS block is recommended.

Checkers protect the mid zone wall. Temperature and load are lower compared to
the top area, thus basic refractories with 95 per cent MgO or a good mullite are
suitable for this area.

Chemical corrosion is not as strong as in the checkers because bricks are
protected by the masonry and only one side is exposed to the chemical attack.
Load is higher than on the overhung zones, but temperature is lower. Periclase
based refractories, mullite and sillimanite bricks are suitable for this
application.

Characteristics of this area are: high load, low temperature and a reduced
chemical attack. Basic materials with 90-92 percent MgO, mullite, sillimanite
and 44 per cent Al2O3 ?super duty? are suitable for this application.

The internal separation walls are fully immersed in the high temperature
environment and therefore the operating conditions are severe. They must resist
loading at high temperature, and thus they must have high values of
refractoriness under load and therefore high creep resistance.



Zhengzhou sunrise refractory Co., Ltd. is a refractory supplier from China,
specializing in various refractories for glass furnaces, such as fused cast AZS
block, magnesia bricks, silica brick and mullite bricks.

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