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Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him
Allah ( God ) sent all the Prophets and Messengers to call for the
worship of Allah alone, and to bring people from darkness to light.
The first of these Messengers was Nooh and the last of them was
Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) as Allah said
(interpretation of the meaning):
"We have sent thee inspiration, as We sent it to Noah and the
Messengers after him: we sent inspiration to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac,
Jacob and the Tribes, to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and solomon, and to
David We gave the Psalms.
Of some apostles We have already told thee the story; of others We
have not;- and to Moses Allah spoke direct;"-
The last of the Prophets and Messengers is Muhammad (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him), so there is no Prophet after him, as
=93Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the
Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets=94
[al-Ahzaab 33:40]
Every Prophet was sent exclusively to his own people, but Allah sent
His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to
all of mankind as Allaah said (interpretation of the meaning):
=93Allah revealed to His messenger the Qur=92aan by which to guide people
And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad
tidings and a Warner to all mankind, but most of men know not=94
[Saba=92 34:28]
Allah sent the Qur=92an to His Messenger, to guide people and bring them
forth from darkness to light by the will of their Lord. Allah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
=93(This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O Muhammad) in
order that you might lead mankind out of darkness (of disbelief and
polytheism) into light (of belief in the Oneness of Allah and Isl=E2mic
Monotheism) by their Lord=92s Leave to the path of the All Mighty, the
Owner of all praise=94
[Ibraaheem 14:1]
Allah made Muhammad grow in a good manner, and Allah took care of him,
so he was the the best of his people in physical wellbeing and in
attitude, he was the most generous, the most patient, the most
truthful, the most sincere and the most honest, so his people called
him al-Ameen (the trustworthy) .
Then he was given an inclination towards solitude, so he used to spend
many days and nights alone in the cave of Hiraa=92, worshiping and
praying to his Lord. He hated idols, alcohol and promiscuous conduct,
so he never paid any attention to them all his life
The people of the Jaahiliyyah used to have some good characteristics
such as generosity, loyalty and courage, and they used to follow some
teachings of the religion of Ibraaheem, such as venerating the Ka=92bah
and making Tawaaf around it, performing Hajj and =91Umrah, and offering
sacrifices. But besides that they used to have some bad habits and
traditions, such as fornication, drinking alcohol, consuming ribaa
(usury or interest), killing their daughters, oppression and
worshiping idols.
When shirk and corruption became so widespread, Allah sent Muhammad
(peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), when he was forty years
old, to call the people to worship Allah Alone and to give up idol-
=93Has he made the aalihah (gods) (all) into One Ilaah (God =97 Allah).
Verily, this is a curious thing!=94
[Saad 38:5 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
The Prophet stayed in Makkah for thirteen years, calling for the
worship of Allah alone, in secret then openly, when Allah commanded
him to proclaim the truth. So he called them in a gentle and kind
manner, without fighting. He called his clan and closest relatives,
then he warned his people and those around them, then he warned all
=93Therefore proclaim openly (Allah's Message Islamic Monotheism) that
which you are commanded, and turn away from Al Mushrikoon
(polytheists, idolaters, and disbelievers)=94
[al-Hijr 15:94]
A few people, rich people, nobles, the weak and poor, men and women,
believed in the Messenger. All of them were persecuted for their
faith. Some were tortured and some were killed. Some of them migrated
to Abyssinia, fleeing from the persecution of Quraysh, and some of
them were persecuted with the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah
be upon him), until Allah caused His religion to prevail.
When the Messenger reached the age of fifty and ten years of his
mission had passed, his uncle Abu Taalib, who had protected him from
the persecution of Quraysh, died. Then his wife Khadeejah, who had
been his consolation, also died, and the persecution of his people
intensified. They harrassed him and persecuted him with all kinds of
torments, and he bore it with patience, seeking the reward of Allah.
May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him.
Then the Messenger commanded his companions to migrate to Madeenah,
The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) remained in
Madeenah and Allah supported him with His help. The Muhaajiroon and
Ansaar consolidated their ranks around him, and their hearts were
devoted to him. The mushrikoon, Jews and hypocrites came together to
oppose him; they slandered him and fabricated lies against him, and
they declared war on him, but Allah commanded him to be patient,
forbearing and tolerant. When their evildoing became too intense,
Allah gave the Muslims permission to fight, and the aayah was revealed
(interpretation of the meaning):
=93Permission to fight (against disbelievers) is given to those
(believers) who are fought against, because they have been wronged;
and surely, Allah is Able to give them (believers) victory
[al-Hajj 22:39]
Then Allah enjoined the Muslims to fight those who fought against
them:
=93And fight in the way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not
the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors=94
[al-Baqarah 2:190 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
When Allah perfected this religion and its basic principles had been
established, Allah revealed to him in =91Arafaah:
=93This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour
upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion
[al-Maa'idah 5:3 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
Allah honoured His Messenger with noble characteristics which were not
combined in any other person, to the extent that his Lord praised him
for these characteristics:
=93And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on an exalted standard of
character=94
[al-Qalam 68:4 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
With these noble and praiseworthy characteristics, he (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him) was able to bring people together and
soften their hearts, by Allah's leave:
=93And by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you
been severe and harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about
you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah's) forgiveness for
them; and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a
decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who
put their trust (in Him)=94
[Aal =91Imraan 3:159 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
Allah sent His Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be
upon him) to all of mankind. He revealed to him the Qur=92aan and
commanded him to call people to Allah, as He says (interpretation of
the meaning):
=93O Prophet (Muhammad)! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a
bearer of glad tidings, and a warner,
And as one who invites to Allah [Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship
none but Allah (Alone)] by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light
(through your instructions from the Qur=92aan and the Sunnah the legal
ways of the Prophet=94
[al-Ahzaab 33:46]
All of mankind must believe in him and follow his sharee=92ah in order
to enter the Paradise of their Lord:
=93and whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) will be
admitted to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise), to abide
therein, and that will be the great success=94
[al-Nisaa=92 4:13 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
Allah praises those among the People of the Book who believe in the
Messenger, and He gives them the glad tidings of a two-fold reward, as
He says (interpretation of the meaning):
=93Those to whom We gave the ******ure [i.e. the Tawraat (Torah) and the
Injeel (Gospel)] before it, they believe in it (the Qur=92aan).
And when it is recited to them, they say: =91We believe in it. Verily,
it is the truth from our Lord. Indeed even before it we have been from
those who submit themselves to Allaah in Islam as Muslims (like
=91Abdull=E2h bin Sal=E2m and Salm=E2n Al Faris=EE).
These will be given their reward twice over, because they are patient,
and repel evil with good, and spend (in charity) out of what We have
provided them=94
[al-Qasas 28:52-54]
=93There
are three who will be given a two-fold reward: a man from among the
People of the Book who believed in his Prophet then lived until the
time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and
believed in him and followed him =96 he will have two rewards=85=94
Whoever does not believe in the Messenger Muhammad (peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him) is a kaafir, and the punishment of the
kaafir is Hell, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
=93And whosoever does not believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad),
then verily, We have prepared for the disbelievers a blazing Fire
[al-Fath 48:13]
=93By the
One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, no one among this ummah,
Jew or Christian, hears of me then dies not believing in that with
which I have been sent, but he will be one of the people of Hell.=94
(Narrated by Muslim, 154)
The Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was a human
being who did not know anything except that which Allah taught him. He
did not know the unseen and he had no power to benefit or harm himself
or anyone else, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
=93Say (O Muhammad): =91I possess no power over benefit or hurt to myself
except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen), I
should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil
should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad
tidings unto people who believe=92=94
[al-A=92raaf 7:188]
The mission of the Messenger was to convey the message with which he
was sent; guidance is in the hand of Allah:
=93But if they turn away (O Muhammad, from the Islamic Monotheism, which
you have brought to them). We have not sent you (O Muhammad) as a
Haafiz (watcher, protector) over them (i.e. to take care of their
deeds and to recompense them). Your duty is to convey (the Message)=94
[al-Shoora 42:48 =96 interpretation of the meaning]
.
Islam is the religion of the fitrah (natural state of man) and
justice, the religion which Allah has chosen for all of mankind. It
includes basic principles and minor issues, etiquette, acts of worship
and rulings on interaction with others. The ummah can never succeed
unless it follows Islam and Allah will not accept any other religion
from people, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
=93And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be
accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers=94
[Aal =91Imraan 3:85]
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